They are surgical procedures of the spine that seek to correct an anatomical and / or functional alteration that triggers some type of inability and limitation by the manifestation of the symptoms. They may be fusion procedures which seek to affix one or more joints or function preserving procedures.

At present there are surgical techniques whose main objective is to preserve the spine function by performing the least surgical trauma to the tissues; they offer the best for the patient obtaining good and excellent results in 85-90% of the cases, proving a prompt recovery and timely return to work.